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Kamis, 08 September 2011

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Farmers’ Organization Records

Many indicators rely on data from farmers‟ organizations. These include:

1. Average (over participating smallholder farmers‟ organizations) price received for commodities as a percentage of the highest price in that locality during the marketing season,

2. Number of farmers‟ organizations with at least one member of the management staff trained in organization management (i.e., governance, administration, or financial management of farmers‟ organizations),

3. Average (over farmers‟ organizations) percentage of contracts successfully delivered (relative to baseline and comparison group, disaggregated by country and primary reason for default),

4. Percentage of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organization members who are women (disaggregated by country),

5. Percentage of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organizations‟ elected leadership positions held by women (disaggregated by country),

6. Number of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organization members who are smallholder farmers (disaggregated by country),

7. Percentage change in total membership of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organizations (relative to baseline and disaggregated by sex of member),

8. Number of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organizations with ability to offer their members some form of financing for crops at harvest (e.g., by pre-purchase, credit, access
9. Purchase for Progress Monitoring Manual 14

10. to warehouse receipt systems, or other full or partial pre-payment for crops) (relative to baseline and comparison group, disaggregated by type of financing),

11. Number of participating farmers‟ organizations depositing commodities in a warehouse with a receipt system,

12. Average quantity of staple commodities sold by participating farmers‟ organizations (relative to baseline and comparison group, disaggregated by commodity),

13. Average size of sale of staple commodities by participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organization (relative to baseline and comparison group, disaggregated by commodity),

14. Average number of different geographic markets sold into by participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organizations (relative to baseline and comparison group),

15. Number of participating smallholder/low income farmers‟ organizations offering post-harvest handling services to their members (relative to baseline and comparison group, disaggregated by service), and

16. Number of participating farmers‟ organizations with access to warehouse storage capable of maintaining long-term quality of stored commodities.

The formal surveys of farmers‟ organizations collect the data necessary to calculate these indicators. The indicators, however, provide only a partial picture of how farmers‟ organizations are increasing their capacity, changing the way they market commodities, and improving market access for their smallholder members. Collecting more detailed data on farmers‟ organizations‟ sales than is feasible during an interview will provide a deeper understanding of these key questions and contribute to learning. In particular, detailed data on farmers‟ organizations‟ receipts and sales of commodities will contribute to a better understanding of:

1. The performance (defaults) of farmers‟ organizations on contracts and reasons for poor performance.
2. The margin between prices received for commodities and prices paid to farmers and reasons for these margins (e.g., processing and marketing costs).
3. The types of farmers (e.g., large/small, male/female, farmers‟ organization members/non-members) who are contributing to a sale and the quantities they are contributing. These data will help validate information from the farmer surveys and provide accurate information on how well the P4P intervention is engaging smallholders in terms of the numbers of smallholders selling through the organization and the quantities they are selling relative to larger farmers (the issue of elite capture).
4. The number of smallholder farmers contributing to sales to WFP (for reporting to the donor).
5. Whether the quality farmers are delivering to the farmers‟ organization is improving over time (e.g., cleaning, drying, sorting/grading costs are declining and prices paid to farmers are increasing).

Sumber: http://home.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/reports/wfp229261.pdf

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