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Rabu, 24 Agustus 2011

Indeks Multidimensi Kemiskinan

Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

The 2010 United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report introduces the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). This new international measure of poverty complements income-based poverty measures by reflecting the multiple deprivations that people face at the same time across 104 developing countries. The MPI identifies deprivations across health, education and living standards, and shows the number of people who are multidimensionally poor and the deprivations that they face on the household level.

Inside the MPI:

1. Education (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/6)
-Years of Schooling: deprived if no household member has completed five years of schooling
-School Attendance: deprived if any school attending school in years 1 to 8

2. Health (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/6)
-Child Mortality: deprived if any child has died in the family
-Nutrition: deprived if any adult or child for whom there is nutritional information is malnourished

3. Standard of Living (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/18)
-Electricity: deprived if the household has no electricity
-Drinking Water: deprived if the househo to clean drinking water or clean water is more than 30 minutes walk from home
-Sanitation: deprived if they do not have adequate sanitation their toilet is shared
-Flooring: deprived if the household has a dirt, sand or dung f
-Cooking Fuel: deprived if the household cooks with wood, charcoal or dung
-Assets: deprived if the household does not own more than one of: radio, TV, telephone, bike, motorbike, or refrigerator and do not own a car or tractor.