Total Tayangan Halaman

Selasa, 23 Agustus 2011

Perdagangan manusia - human trafficking

Perception of rural dwellers towards human trafficking:
Attitudinal statements:

1. Economic hard ship encourages human trafficking
2. Intimidation and threats involved in human trafficking are part of life-risks
3. Psychological abuse is not only limited to human trafficking
4. Emotional and physical abuse is not limited to human trafficking
5. The get rich quick syndrome promotes human trafficking
6. Structural adjustment programme impoverishment led to high incidence of human trafficking
7. Social isolation promotes human trafficking
8. Privatization of public goods and services encourage human trafficking
9. Participation in human trafficking is criminal
10. Human trafficking provides cheap labour
11. Human trafficking encourages profit margin of enterprises
12. There is high demand for services and labour of trafficked persons
13. The impact of economic reforms encourages human trafficking
14. Poor impact of development programme encourages human trafficking
15. I cannot participate in human trafficking
16. I can allow my wards to participate in human trafficking
17. Changes in social welfare encourages human trafficking
18. Political instability promotes human trafficking
19. Poor law enforcement encourages human trafficking
20. My religion does not allow human trafficking
21. I can temporarily allow participation human trafficking
22. Unemployment is root cause of human trafficking
23. Discrimination within society causes human trafficking
24. Corruption induces human trafficking
25. Family violence promotes human trafficking
26. Juvenile delinquency stimulates human trafficking
27. Family separation(divorce) encourages human trafficking

Respondents’ knowledge of human trafficking
Knowledge items on human trafficking:

  1. Human trafficking withholds legal rights of the victim

  2. Human trafficking posses threats and acts of physical harm to victims and

  3. Human trafficking subjects their victims to rape and kidnapping

  4. Human trafficking confines their victims to isolation

  5. Human trafficking denies their victims medical care

  6. Human trafficking inflicts manipulation and psychological abuse on

  7. Human trafficking involves recruiting, harbouring and obtaining persons
    against their will

  8. Human trafficking does not require any transportation

  9. Human trafficking involuntary servitude

  10. Human trafficking put people in debt bondage

  11. Human trafficking involves holding people against their will to pay off a debt

  12. Human trafficking lures through false promise of good working conditions and high pay

  13. Human trafficking explores victims for their own financial

  14. Human trafficking exposes victims to unsafe, unpredictable and uncontrollable events

  15. Human trafficking exposes to drugs and drug addition

  16. Trafficked persons are often used for stripping/exotic dance is a

  17. Use of persons for pornography is a form of human trafficking

  18. Use of persons in massage palors is a form

  19. Trafficked persons are often used for agriculture and labour

  20. Trafficked persons are often used for factor work/sweat shops

  21. Trafficked persons are often used for prostitution

  22. Trafficked persons are often used for mail order brides

  23. Trafficked persons are often used for domestic servitude

  24. Trafficked persons are often used for food service

  25. Trafficked persons are often used for entertainment and modelling sex

  26. Trafficked persons are often used as drug transporters and mules

  27. Trafficked persons are often used for cheap source of labour

  28. Human trafficking deprive rural communities of labour

Sumber: Olujide, M.G; Oladele O.I; Akinbobola A.A. Knowledge and perception towards human trafficking in agrarian communities of Niger Delta, Nigeria. Life Science Journal, 2011;8(2)