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Minggu, 28 Agustus 2011

Prinsip-prinsip Kedaulatan Pangan

"Food sovereignty" is =

a term coined by members of Via Campesina in 1996 to refer to a policy framework advocated by a number of farmers, peasants, pastoralists, fisherfolk, indigenous peoples, women, rural youth and environmental organizations, namely the claimed "right" of peoples to define their own food, agriculture, livestock and fisheries systems, in contrast to having food largely subject to international market forces.

Sesuai Via Campesina, tujuh prinsip kedaulatan pangan adalah:

1. Makanan adalah hak dasar tiap manusia, tidak semata-mata menjadi barang dagangan belaka.
2. Menerapkan pendekatan Reforma agraria
3. perlindungan pada sumber daya alam, atau penggunaan SDA secara bertanggung jawab
4. penataan pasar pangan
5. Akhiri kelaparan global
6. kedamaian sosial (social peace).
7. kontrol pada demokrasi (democratic control).


Namun dari Declaration of Nyéléni – Forum for Food Sovereignty 2007, disebut ada enam prinsip sbb:

1. Focuses on Food for People: food is a basic human right and cannot be seen just as a commodity for international agri-business.
2. Values Food Providers: small-scale farmers, fi sherfolk, indigenous peoples are supported and valued. Policies that undermine and threaten their livelihoods are rejected.
3. Localizes Food Systems: food providers and consumers are brought closer together through local markets. Inequitable international trade and remote and unaccountable corporations are rejected.
4. Puts Control Locally: control over land, water, seeds, and livestock is put in the hands of food providers. Privatization of natural resources through laws, commercial contracts and intellectual property rights is rejected.
5. Builds Knowledge and Skills: local knowledge and skills that conserve, develop, and manage localizing food systems is supported. Technologies that undermine or contaminate such systems (e.g. GMOs) are rejected.
6. Works with Nature: the contribution of ecosystems isused to its full extent with low external input, and an improvement in resilience and adaptation is sought, especially in the light of climate change.