Total Tayangan Laman

Rabu, 24 Agustus 2011

Mengukur Ekslusi Sosial


Diukur atas beberapa kelompok, yang terbagi atas 14 indikator sebagai berikut:

• Financial difficulties:
1. Proportion of persons living in households that have great difficulties in making ends meet;
2. Proportion of persons living in households that are in arrears with (re)payment of
housing and/or utility bills;

• Basic necessities:
3. Proportion of persons living in households which cannot afford meat, fish or chicken every second day;
4. Proportion of persons living in households which cannot afford to buy new clothes;
5. Proportion of persons living in households which cannot afford a week’s holiday away from home;

Housing conditions:
6. Proportion of persons living in the accommodation without a bath or shower;
7. Proportion of persons living in the dwelling with damp walls, floors, foundations, etc.;
8. Proportion of persons living in households which have a shortage of space;

• Durables:
9. Proportion of persons not having access to a car due to a lack of financial resources in the household;
10. Proportion of persons not having access to a telephone due to a lack of financial resources in
the household;
11. Proportion of persons not having access to a color TV due to a lack of financial resources in the household;

• Health:
12. Proportion of persons (over 16) reporting bad or very bad health;

• Social contact:
13. Proportion of persons (over 16) who meet their friends or relatives less often than once a month (or never);

• Dissatisfaction:
14. Proportion of persons (over 16) being dissatisfied with their work or main activity.

Sumber:
The Measurement of Social Exclusion. Satya R. Chakravarty - Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta. Conchita D’Ambrosio - Università Bocconi and DIW Berlin
p 15-16.(This version July 2003). http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.40705.de/dp364.pdf)